Thu. Jul 18th, 2024 Welcome to our blog post about the traditional Tunisian sabbah! If you want to learn more about Tunisian culture and architecture, this article is perfect for you. In this post, we will take a closer look at the construction of a typical sabbah and explore the unique features that make it stand out from other buildings in Tunisia. So please sit back, relax, and join us on this fascinating journey into traditional Tunisian architecture!

Materials and construction:

Traditional Tunisian sabbahs are known for their unique and beautiful architecture. The materials used in constructing these houses are simple yet effective, making them suitable for the harsh weather conditions of Tunisia.

The main material used is clay, readily available in most parts of the country. Clay bricks, handmade by local artisans, form the house’s walls. These bricks provide excellent insulation from both heat and cold.

In addition to clay bricks, palm tree trunks or reeds create a framework supporting the roof. This framework is then covered with layers of straw mixed with mud called “tabia” to make it more durable.

Using natural materials like clay and palm trees makes these houses eco-friendly and adds an aesthetic appeal to their design. Moreover, they blend seamlessly with the surrounding landscape giving them a timeless beauty.

Traditional Tunisian sabbahs demonstrate how intelligent use of locally-sourced raw materials can produce structures that cater well to environmental needs while being cost-effective at the same time. The roof

The roof is one of the most important parts of a traditional Tunisian sabbah. It protects the house from harsh weather conditions and provides insulation to keep the interior cool during hot summers.

In, we can see that the roof is made using wooden beams and palm tree leaves. This technique has been used for centuries in Tunisia and is still popular among local builders.

The wooden beams are laid out to form a framework, then covered with palm tree leaves. The leaves are tightly packed together, providing an excellent water-resistant barrier against rainwater.

One advantage of using palm tree leaves for roofing material is their natural ability to regulate the temperature inside the house. They help keep the interior cool during hot summer days by blocking direct sunlight from entering through the roof.

Building a traditional Tunisian sabbah requires careful consideration when choosing construction materials. By watching, you can learn how locals have been constructing these houses for generations and about their unique building techniques that ensure durability and longevity even in extreme weather conditions.

The walls on

One of the most important aspects of building any traditional Tunisian sabbah is the construction of its walls. In this video, we can see that the walls are made using a technique called “beldi,” which involves layering bricks and stones to create sturdy structures.

The first step in constructing these walls is to lay down a foundation using large stones or concrete blocks. This ensures the wall can support its weight and withstand external forces like wind or earthquakes.

Once the foundation has been laid, small bricks known as “hajjra” are placed on top in a criss-cross pattern with a mixture of cement and sand acting as mortar between them. The hajjra bricks provide excellent insulation against heat and sound while allowing for flexibility in an earthquake.

After laying several layers of hajjra bricks, larger stones called “chellala” are added into the mix for additional structural stability. The chellala stones are carefully arranged and interlocked with one another, creating even more strength within the wall structure.

Once all layers have been completed up to roof level, openings for windows and doors are created by removing some sections of brickwork before continuing with more hajjra bricklayers above them until reaching roof level again. 

It’s clear from watching this video that building traditional Tunisian sabbahs requires great skill and attention to detail when constructing sturdy walls using time-honored techniques like beldi masonry craftsmanship.

The windows:

The windows in a traditional Tunisian sabbah are an important design aspect. These windows allow natural light to enter and provide ventilation during hot summer days. In addition, they also play an aesthetic role by adding character to the exterior of the house.

The shape and size of the windows vary depending on the region where the sabbah is built. Some regions prefer smaller rectangular or square-shaped windows, while others opt for larger arched or circular-shaped ones.

Traditionally, these windows were made from locally sourced materials such as wood and clay. However, with modern construction techniques and new materials such as aluminum and PVC, these materials are now being used in some areas.

Despite technological advancements, many Tunisians still prefer traditional methods for constructing their homes. As a result, some craftsmen continue to use traditional techniques passed down through generations.

While modernization had impacted how Tunisian homes are constructed today compared to centuries ago when only mud bricks were available; however certain aspects like incorporating natural elements into building designs remain important even today due to their efficiency and functionality alongside aesthetics.

The door

The door is an essential component of any traditional Tunisian sabbah. It serves as the main entrance to the house and plays a crucial role in defining its aesthetic appeal.

When it comes to choosing a door for your sabbah, there are several factors that you need to consider. Firstly, consider the material you want your door to be made from. Traditional Tunisian doors are typically crafted from sturdy wood such as cedar or oak.

Secondly, you should consider the design and style of your door. Most Tunisian doors feature intricate carvings and patterns that reflect the rich cultural heritage of Tunisia.

It’s important to ensure your door is secure enough to keep unwanted visitors out. Many traditional sabbahs feature heavy wooden doors with strong locks and hinges for added security.

Choosing the right door for your traditional Tunisian sabbah can help enhance its beauty while providing peace of mind knowing that your home is safe and secure.


The traditional Tunisian sabbah is a unique and fascinating construction representing local culture and heritage. As seen in, building a sabbah requires specific materials like mud bricks and wood and skilled craftsmanship to create distinctive features such as arched doorways and windows.

The roof protects from strong winds, harsh sun rays, or heavy rainfalls. The walls made of mud bricks provide insulation against extreme temperatures while keeping the interior cool during hot summers. The windows are designed to allow natural light and ventilation while ensuring privacy for those inside.

A sabbah’s door is also critical; it must be durable yet ornate with intricate detailing to reflect the owner’s style. Tunisians have been constructing these beautiful homes for centuries, showcasing their innovative design skills and cultural values through each building they create.

Watching gives us a glimpse into this exceptional architecture that has survived despite modernization trends. It reminds us of how important it is to preserve our cultural heritage by embracing traditional methods alongside modern ones when building new constructions.

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