Specific phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables and their effects on health

Yellow fruits
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Specific phytochemicals impart unique colorants to fruits and vegetables. Phytochemicals are natural chemicals found in plants. Nowadays they are receiving more and more attention due to their great health benefits. These phytochemicals and their unique colors and health benefits are listed below. Among all, yellow fruits and vegetables have many benefits related to skin diseases.

Green fruits and vegetable 

Phytochemicals: Chlorophyll 

Chlorophyll makes plants appear green. It is the product that plants convert light into energy (carbohydrates) for insects, animals, and humans to eat. As we know that without this process life would not exist.

The many amazing benefits of chlorophyll include powerful detoxification properties, including liver detoxification properties, and the elimination of harmful bacteria, parasites, and mold. Due to its molecular composition, chlorophyll can also improve our blood quality, similar to hemoglobin. It helps increase the red blood cell count and increase the movement of oxygen in the blood. Green fruits and vegetables also help in repairing growth tissues.

 Orange Fruits and Vegetable

Phytochemicals: β-Carotene 

 β-Carotene is a phytochemical antioxidant that can make fruits and vegetables such as carrots, apricots, mangoes, and sweet potatoes show wonderful colors. The body converts beta-carotene into vitamin A, which has many important health benefits.

These benefits include keeping our mucous membranes intact, reducing the risk of heart disease and cancer, improving the immune system, helping the skin avoid dryness and cracking, reducing aging, and is known for keeping our eyes healthy.

Red Fruits and Vegetable

Phytochemicals: Lycopene 

Red fruits and vegetables like tomatoes and strawberries contain the phytochemical lycopene, which makes them appear red. These red fruits and vegetables help to reduce prostate cancer and other heart diseases.

Purple fruits and vegetable

Phytochemicals: phenols 

Purple fruits and vegetables like blackberries contain phytochemicals, anthocyanins, and phenols. Phenolics give these fruits and vegetables a rich purple color. It also promotes heart health and has anti-aging effects.

Yellow Fruits and Vegetable

Phytochemicals: Hydroxyrothenoids 

It is a naturally occurring phytochemical, called hydroxyrothenoids, which can make yellow fruits and vegetables appear colorful. More research is needed to discover the benefits of this chemical. Although yellow fruits and vegetables help to reduce skin ulcers and other skin problems. Many yellow fruits contain retinol that helps reduce acne, wrinkles, and ulcer, etc.

Blue fruits and vegetable 

Phytochemicals: Anthocyanins 

Blue fruits and vegetables, such as the highly regarded blueberries, contain a variety of phytochemicals. Anthocyanins give blueberries a wonderful blue color. Blueberries contain other phytochemicals that can improve memory.

White fruits and vegetable

Phytochemicals: Anthocyanin 

The white color found in vegetables such as garlic and onions is due to phytochemicals called anthocyanins. These two vegetables also contain allicin, which can help lower cholesterol and blood pressure, and help reduce the risk of stomach cancer and heart disease.

So all above mention phytochemicals characteristics prove that either you eat yellow fruits or red fruits you will get specific benefits regarding each color.

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