Orthodontics in children: when to start treatment?

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The main purpose of orthodontic treatment is to correct the deformation of the jaw and the poor arrangement of the teeth.

A narrow upper or lower jaw, or even the upper teeth that protrude from the lower ones or vice versa, are factors that can cause serious functional or even psychological disorders.

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To overcome these problems, parents are recommended to consult an orthodontist quickly as soon as they notice a certain abnormality in their children.

Plan of the article

When to consult an orthodontist?
The disadvantages of a delayed orthodontic intervention
Dental appliances used in orthodontics

When to consult an orthodontist?

As a general rule, orthodontic treatment can only be performed in children from the age of 7. This is the age at which milk teeth stabilize and the first permanent teeth appear.

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Children in this so-called mixed dentition period are thus more predisposed to receive treatment than those below this age. Nevertheless, an intervention can be considered around 4 or 5 years old if the occlusion considerably affects the symmetry of the face.

Finding an orthodontist to align the child’s teeth requires doing some research on the Internet to consult the opinions of other customers. The first consultation will aim to detect the extent of the dental anomaly in order to define the best suitable treatment.

You should know that until the age of 12, the facial bone continues to grow and thus remains perfectly malleable. Therefore, it is best to start treatment before this age. The dental appliances used during these so-called early treatments are carefully chosen to adapt to the growth of the jaws while correcting the alignment of the teeth.

The disadvantages of a delayed orthodontic intervention

It is never too late to seek help from a specialist for orthodontic treatment.

Still, it’s always best to start as early as possible. After the age of 20, the remodeling process for malocclusions such as jaw shift or overlapping teeth may take time as jaw growth is complete. From where it is often necessary to supplement the installation of dental apparatus by a surgical intervention on the level of the jawbone.

In addition, a delay in support can cause problems on various levels. Indeed, malocclusions can cause functional disorders in phonation or swallowing.

Most of the time, the problem is even psychological. The protruding teeth or the jaw which protrudes indeed has an impact on the aesthetics of the face, which can cause a problem of self-esteem in adolescents.

Dental appliances used in orthodontics

For now, it is possible to choose between removable braces and fixed braces. In reality, it is the orthodontist who chooses the device to use according to the maxillofacial anomaly detected during the consultation.

.Removable dental appliances

These devices made of resin, attached to the teeth using springs, are intended to widen the palate in order to leave more room for the permanent teeth or conversely to stop jaw growth. Also called false palates, these devices have a removable character that allows the user to remove them during the meal or to clean them.

.Dental braces

The job of this type of device is to gradually move the teeth so as to obtain perfect dental alignment. They are attached to the outer surfaces of the teeth using metal brackets. Today, the trend is more for invisible braces. The latter have transparent fasteners much more discreet, even if they are more expensive than traditional metal rings.


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