The Incas , the Chimus , the Chachapoyas , the Chavins , the Ugly … The Peruvian territory has seen several civilizations evolve . Most have left extraordinary vestiges where you will be immersed in the past .Among these sites , some are absolutely worth a visit during a stay in Peru focused on history or culture . Find out below 4 .
Peru and the discovery of Machu Picchu
It is not so surprising to see Machu Picchu in the essentials to see in Peru as part of a historic getaway . Yes , because it is still a vestige of a great Peruvian civilization : the Incas . In addition , this site is one of the highlights of a trip to Peru due to its unusual characteristics .
Perched at more than 2 ,400 m above sea level , Machu Picchu is an outstanding architectural work . Founded in the middle of the 15th century , then abandoned a century later , the ancient Inca citadel was not revealed to the world until the beginning of the 20th century . By going there , you will have a better overview of the history of the Inca people . You will also enjoy a breathtaking view of a magnificent natural landscape .
Explore Cuzco and the Sacred Valley of the Incas
Machu Picchu is not the only vestige to follow in the footsteps of the Incas . Cuzco and the sacred valley of the Incas also allow you to learn more about this great civilization . Indeed , this region shelters a plethora of Inca vestiges . For Among the will most a fascinating are the o city of Cuzco and the the citadel of Pisaq.
The city of Cuzco was in the 11th century the capital of the Inca Empire . You will still see the original walls there . Of The the citadel of Pisaq Reveals the ruins of Qallaq’asa, the temples and the thermal baths of Intiwatana . Built on a mountainside , it offers a breathtaking panorama of the surroundings .
Visit the remains of Trujillo in Peru
If your historic stay in Peru looks at the traces of the pre – Inca civilization , head to Trujillo . It is the ancient capital of the pre – Inca people : the Ugly. They occupied this territory of the second century between the year 100 and 700 AD . J . Christ . A very long period has passed since this date until today , however the city still shelters some impressive vestiges .
Among other things , you will observe splendid mysterious architectures like Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna . These are two of the most important buildings of the Moches where you will see truly artistic frescoes .
Explore the city of land chan chan
To close the pre – Inca civilization , Peru has been dominated by the Chimu . This ancient civilization indeed occupied the country around the 9th century to the 15th century . To learn more about its history , visit the city of chan chan . It was the first city in Peru by size during the pre –Columbian period of South America . Today , it is a must – see attraction to see during a tour in Peru .
The setting is quite striking . The chan chan city of land , listed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1986 , stretches out in the heart of the desert . Entirely built in adobe , it covers around twenty square kilometers .