Dry Eyes- Symptoms and Treatments You Need to Know

dry eyes symptoms and treatment
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Dry eye syndrome is the result of a lack of tear production or the blockage of the eye glands. When your eyes are unable to maintain the normal layer of the tears, it may result in various DES symptoms. It may also happen due to a bacterial infection or inflammation on the eye surface. It may be uncomfortable and quite annoying. However, dry eyes syndrome cannot lead to vision loss. It is a common syndrome that may be caused due to daily life casualties. If you are skeptical that you have this syndrome or want to avoid it in the future, understanding the dry eyes symptoms and treatment can help. 

What may be the major causes of dry eyes?

Computer screen- The longer use of a computer or phone may lead to dry eyes. When sitting in front of the screen, we tend to blink our eyes less than usual. This results in increased tear evaporation generating the risk of dry eyes. 

Contact lenses- Contact lenses can worsen the condition of dry eyes. Severe dry eye symptoms are the reason why many people stop wearing contact lenses. 

Indoor environment- Ceiling fans, air conditioning, and air heating systems soak the humidity inside the room. This can lead to greater tear evaporation, resulting in DES. 

Eyelid problems- Incomplete closure of the eyes while sleeping or blinking can be the major reason for dry eyes. 

There are many other reasons that can lead to dry eye syndrome. If you have been exposed to any of these situations, there might be chances that you have developed DES, or you are prone to the same. Let us get to dry eye symptoms and treatments to help you combat the situation. 

Dry eye symptoms

Dry eye syndrome can lead to many symptoms that can become unbearable after a while. It is essential to find out the cause or treatment for them before they get too severe. 

When your eyes are exposed to dirt, a less humid environment, or any other surrounding leading to DES, you may feel the following. 

  • Burning sensation in eyes 
  • Aching sensation
  • Itching in the eyes
  • Heavy eyes
  • Tired eyes throughout the day
  • Sore eyes
  • Redness in the eyes
  • Sensation of dryness
  • Light sensitive eyes 
  • Discomfort in wearing contact lenses
  • The sensation of a particle in the eye (foreign body sensation)
  • Blurred vision
  • Mucus in the eyes or around it

Lastly, watery eyes can also be a symptom of dry eye disease; we know it sounds odd. The dryness on the surface of the eyes may lead your eyes to overproduce tears as a protective step. But this reflex action may not last long to cure the condition.

In addition to the symptoms above, DES may cause inflammation on the eye surface and sometimes cause damage to it. 

Dry eye treatment and prevention

Dry eye syndrome is a progressive condition, which might not be completely curable based on its severity. 

However, in a majority of cases, you can manage DES successfully. The treatment to dry eyes results in a decrease in redness, reduced dry eye symptoms, greater comfort snd sharper vision. 

Some of the top treatments or preventions to this condition are:

  1. Regular use of artificial tears eye drops
  2. Warm compress masks
  3. Intense pulse light
  4. Nutritional supplements
  5. Home remedies

You can cure dry eye disease with some home remedies if the condition is not too severe. Common remedies include blinking, frequent breaks from the screen, cleaning eyelids, wearing quality sunglasses, using a humidifier, and removing eye makeup before sleep. 

Remember, even if you know the dry eye symptoms and treatments, prefer to get regular eye checkups from your doctor. He can suggest what’s good and bad for your eyes. You may even need to discontinue wearing contact lenses if you are facing severe DES. Make sure to cure it before it becomes challenging to do so. 

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