Thyroxine is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland. This hormone is responsible for regulating metabolic rate, heartbeat, body temperature and the rate of digestion. Thyroid hormones are also responsible for muscular contraction. They determine the rate of cellular rejuvenation as well.
Fluctuation in the production of any hormone is bad, but since thyroid gland regulates vital processes in the body, changes in its output have a rather grave impact on the overall health.
Hyperthyroidism: When thyroid is overactive
When excess thyroxine is produced, body suffers from weight loss, palpitations, arrhythmia, sweating, fatigue, skin problems, muscular weakness, and tremors. It also increases anxiety in the body.
Bowel movements and appetite increase. Thyroid gland also swells, causing goiter. Anyone experiencing these symptoms needs to get treatment from an Endocrinologist in Lahore then.
Hypothyroidism: When thyroid is underactive
The underperformance of the thyroid gland leads to a dearth of the important hormones in the body. Its symptoms include fatigue, constipation, weight gain, muscular weakness, dry skin, thinning of hair, lowered heart rate.
Depression, muscular aches, impaired memory, and in women, period problems are also common due to under secretion of the vital hormones.
Coping with the problem
Whether it be hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, not only are some symptoms common in the two conditions, but they unanimously take a toll on the body.
Since this is a chronic problem, issues of thyroid effect people all through their lives, which is why, an efficient coping mechanism is imperative.
Thyroid has a complicated relationship with your weight. People who are hypothyroid suffer from weight gain, and exercise therefore helps them in weight management.
Exercise also plays an important role in making muscles strong and lean. Since muscular weakness is common in thyroid problems, exercise aids in improvement of this symptom.
It is perfectly understandable to be stressed on account of thyroid disease, and the thought of life-long commitment that it requires. However, by doing that, you are further harming yourself; stress hormones like cortisol affect the level of thyroid hormones in the body.
Thus, pay close attention to your mental health. Yoga, breathing exercises, mindfulness and meditation are excellent ways to manage stress. Exercise is also effective for stress management. If chronic stress is not mitigating still, perhaps enlist the help of a counsellor.
Never a good idea, smoking is a harbinger of ill-health. Alongside harming mental and physical health, it causes even more damage to people suffering from thyroid issues.
You should make attempts at cutting back on the cigarettes and leaving them altogether eventually. Quitting cold turkey might not be possible for everyone since tobacco has addictive elements.
Enforce good sleep hygiene
Quality shuteye is important for everyone, but especially for people suffering from thyroid problems as sleep helps in improving the symptoms of thyroid problems.
Some helpful steps include exercising proper sleep schedule, not using screens when in bed, refraining from eating in bed and dimming or shutting the lights off at bedtime.
Eat healthy diet
Giving your body better diet allows it to function properly. Moreover, eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables also prevents the constipation that haunts people who suffer from hypothyroidism.
A balanced diet also improves energy levels in the body, which is very important since thyroid issues lead to fatigue. Good diet also improves the appearance of skin and hair that are also haunted by the thyroid problems.
Listening to your doctor
Everyone has a different experience of thyroid problems. Thus, it is not wise for the laypeople to exchange notes and neglect expert opinion. Therefore, you should rely only on the best Endocrinologist in Islamabad for treatment of thyroid disease.