Common Dental Problems And Their Treatment

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Our teeth help us perform several functions, like eating and speaking. The way our teeth look also affects our appearance and impacts our self-confidence, so it is essential to care for your teeth.

Caring for your teeth ensure they remain healthy, and you can only achieve better teeth by paying attention to your oral hygiene. Caring for your teeth and visiting your dental hygienist improves your oral health and improves your general health.

Even with proper care, you may still notice some dental problems like sensitive teeth and toothache because other factors affect our oral health, so you need to manage these conditions. Most times, you would have to visit your dentist for proper care, but it helps to know the symptoms of common dental conditions and how to treat them.

The common dental conditions include:


Toothache occurs due to several reasons, so you have to be attentive to how often you feel the pain, the severity and type of pain to identify the cause of the toothache. Five common types of toothache affect people, and they include stabbing pain, throbbing, sensitivity, aching, and pressure.

When you have cavities that affect the teeth nerve, it results in a constant, intermittent, stabbing or dull ache. Sensitivity and sharp pain in a tooth may also result from an abscess or cracked tooth.

Sometimes, dull and aching pain may occur due to food particles stuck between the gums and causing swelling. You can floss to remove the debris stuck between your gum, but you have to visit a dentist if this does not handle the pain. If you experience severe tooth pain, ensure you schedule an emergency appointment with your dentist.

While you wait for your dentist’s appointment, you can use a cold compress at home or take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory pain medicine to relieve the pain. You can also use certain home remedies like clove oil when you have a toothache.

Bleeding gums

You may experience bleeding gums if you brush your teeth and gums vigorously. Bleeding gums when brushing may also occur when you have certain health conditions like vitamin deficiency and diabetes, certain cancers like leukaemia, and periodontitis.

You can use a few home remedies for your bleeding gums before visiting a dentist. Ensure you brush your teeth gently with a soft-bristled toothbrush, using circular motions and floss every day. Flossing is one of the best preventive measures for gum disease, and it can treat different gum diseases.

If you have gingivitis, you will experience bleeding gums for about a week or two when you start flossing, but the bleeding will subside. If the gum bleeding continues, it means you have severe gum disease or bleeding results from other causes, so you should visit your dentist immediately.

Your dentist will determine the cause of the bleeding. If you have periodontitis, the dentist will offer different surgical and non-surgical periodontal treatment and prescribe antibiotics. The cause of your gum bleeding will determine the exact treatment.

  • A cracked, broken or chipped tooth

If you have an injury to your teeth, ensure you schedule an appointment with your dentist immediately. Most times, teeth injuries are not emergencies, so you may have to wait a few days to see your dentist, but if the injury causes intense pain, you have to schedule an emergency dental visit.

If you have the broken or chipped part of your teeth, ensure you take it to your dental appointment because the dentist may have to reattach it with dental bonding.

You can use dental wax on the broken, chipped or cracked tooth’s sharp edges during the waiting period. The wax will help protect your sensitive mouth tissues from getting cut by the affected tooth. You could use an ice pack or take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory pain medicine or clove oil to manage the pain.

  • Knocked out tooth

Having a knocked-out tooth is a dental emergency that requires you to book an immediate appointment with your dentist within 30 minutes of losing the tooth. Ensure you pick the tooth by the crown and do not touch its root. Rinse the tooth to remove the surface dirt, but do not scrub the tooth with soap or pull the loose tissues.

If possible, put the tooth in the socket and hold it in place until you get to the clinic. If gently holding the tooth in place is impossible, put it in a small container of milk or saliva. You will experience intense pain from losing a tooth, so you can take an over-the-counter medication while you wait to see your dentist.

  • Tooth sensitivity

If you experience tooth sensitivity to cold, it may be due to periodontal abscess or cavity. You may have general teeth sensitivity because of gum recession, teeth grinding at night or enamel erosion.

You can reduce the sensitivity by using a soft-bristled toothbrush and specialised toothpaste to brush your teeth. If you still experience the sensitivity after a few weeks, visit your dentist to check the cause of your teeth sensitivity.

If you grind your teeth whenever you sleep, you can wear a mouth guard to protect your teeth from injury and reduce the sensitivity. If the cause of the teeth sensitivity is gum recession or enamel erosion, you may have to get gum grafts or veneers.

  • Bruxism

Bruxism is grinding or clenching the teeth while sleeping. This habit is usually difficult to stop, and it increases the risk of teeth injury. It can chip, break and crack your teeth. Sometimes, bruxism wears down the teeth.

You can stop bruxism by practising mindful techniques and medication before sleeping. Trying to manage stress and using a mouth guard at night will help prevent bruxism. You can have your dentist fit a mouth guard custom-made for you to hold your jaw in the natural position while you sleep to stop the teeth grinding or clenching.

  • Dry mouth

Dry mouth results from insufficient saliva in the mouth. This makes you feel uncomfortable and may affect your oral health. Usually, saliva clears debris in the mouth and fights off bacteria that cause cavities, so without saliva, you have a higher chance of tooth and gum decay.

Most people have a dry mouth because of the side effect of prescribed medication. Sometimes, dry mouth results from health issues like diabetes and autoimmune disorders like HIV/AIDS.

Irrespective of the cause of dry mouth, drinking a lot of water, using specialised mouthwashes, and chewing sugar-free gums can manage the condition. You could ask your dentist to recommend a suitable mouthwash to combat dry mouth.

  • Bad breath

If you notice you have bad breath a couple of minutes after brushing, your diet may be the cause. Foods like garlic, cumin and onions contain products that the blood absorbs that get into the lungs and give you bad breath days after the meal. If your meals contain a lot of these foods above, try to reduce them to prevent bad breath.

You may also have bad breath if you experience dry mouth, have tooth decay, oral cancer, or periodontal disease.

Brushing at least two times every day, flossing and using a mouthwash will help reduce bad breath. You may experience bleeding gums when you start flossing, but this will subside if the gum disease is a minor one. If the bleeding persists after constant flossing for two weeks, ensure you visit your dentist.

Your dentist will evaluate your condition and determine the cause of the bad breath. Your dentist will clean your gums and fill any cavity to keep your breath fresh.

  • Jaw pain

If you have TMJ issues, it may cause stiffness of the jaw and intense jaw pain. This makes eating, swallowing and speaking difficult. It will also cause dizziness, and headaches, back, neck, ear and shoulder pain.

Pain resulting from TMJ results from different issues such a jaw injury, arthritis, jaw and teeth misalignment. You can reduce the pain by eating soft foods and avoid opening your jaw wide when you have flare-ups. Jaw stretches and exercises available online can help you manage the pain at home.

If you don’t feel relieved, ensure you visit your dentist to get a suitable treatment like an oral splint or mouthguard.

  • Lack of confidence in your smile

If you have any teeth deformity that leaves you self-conscious like stained or crooked teeth, you may want to visit your dentist or use an at-home remedy.

You can maintain your teeth by having a good oral hygiene routine. Using over-the-counter teeth whitening treatment like whitening strips or toothpaste can improve the appearance of your teeth.

However, home teeth whitening solution have certain limits, so you can visit your dentist for professional teeth whitening to improve your teeth by many shades. You can also have periodic top-us and whitening toothpaste to keep your smile bright.

Veneers and crowns are good treatment solutions for crooked teeth, and you can use aligners to straighten your misaligned teeth.

If you know the symptoms of these common dental conditions above, you would be able to identify them early and take steps to manage them and prevent further damage to your oral health.

Ensure you take your dental hygiene seriously. Visit your dentist and hygienist often for teeth cleaning and check-ups. You can book a dental hygienist in London for professional teeth cleaning.


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