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The bystander effect is when people see emergencies taking place before them yet fail to act. Standing around and not helping or feeling incapable of helping often costs people their lives. Doing SOMETHING is better than just standing there and watching someone suffer. All of us may not have medical training, but we can learn.

First aid and emergency response are something we all need to know. Whether responding to an injury or tending to someone having a heart attack, these are basics that every person should know about.

Preparing yourself for emergencies is our duty. When researchers conducted mock field experiments on the bystander effect, many people cited not knowing what to do as a reason for not helping out.

This article will talk about some things you can do to prepare yourself for at-home emergencies. Please read till the end of the article as we’ll be talking about factors that could change the balance between life and death.

Gain certification

Gaining first aid certification is one of the best things you can do for emergency response. Not only does it give you the ability to leap into action, but it could have professional benefits as well.

Even if you work in an entirely unrelated field, knowing first aid is an excellent skill to have. If you and someone else with the same experience/credentials apply for the same position, the one with added skills such as first aid will be preferred.

Did you know that heart attacks are the most common natural cause of death? With millions of people dying annually, learning a thing or two about cardiovascular first aid could save a life.

And, if you’re someone who already gained certification but forgot various aspects of the training, you can still opt for ACLS recertification to relearn multiple things that you might have initially forgotten.

Later, you can even specialize in giving first aid support as Cardiovascular Life Support can help you manage a heart attack if it ever happens in front of you.

Keep supplies handy

There should always be a well-stocked first aid kit somewhere in the house. Running around looking for supplies when an emergency strikes are one of the most inefficient ways to go about things.

Everything should be in one box in an easily accessible area of the house at all times. It would be a pity if you went around fumbling and looking for things while someone needed instant medical attention.

Your medical kit should have a fair amount of bandage, antiseptic, pain killers, and a suture kit. The suture kit is debatable, and one should only use it if they have experience stitching open wounds.

Moreover, you should have aspirin and a polymer wafer kept under someone’s tongue when they have a heart attack.

A well-stocked and easily accessible first aid kit could be the difference between life and death sometimes. Make sure you have everything you might need in one place to ensure swift action in case of an emergency.

Gather medical data as fast as you can

For example, when someone has a heart attack, you need to confirm it is the first time. You need to have some indication of their medical record to provide holistic and accurate first aid care.

Not knowing all the details can complicate the situation and make for an aggravated problem that you might not know how to deal with. If it’s an emergency within the family, make sure you gather all their medical reports before heading to the doctor.

Again these should be in a centralized place, preferably a filing cabinet. Before you get into the ambulance, make sure you have all medical history records with you to make things easier for the paramedics and doctors once you get to the ER.

Stay calm and calm the patient down

You must stay calm, especially if you are dealing with children. Keeping them quiet in the face of an emergency can be extremely challenging. Children are known to overreact to specific situations simply because they don’t know any better.

Even some adults get pretty stressed out over injuries and illnesses, so it would be best to calm them down before moving forward.

Nerves can get the best of you as well sometimes. As the only one tending to the situation, you may get nervous and stress yourself out. Remember, you need to remain composed to get the job done. In some cases, a person’s life could reside in your hands, so get your head in the game!

Consider practicing deep breathing exercises. Deep breathing can regulate your blood oxygen levels and help calm you down. Both you and the patient could use a breather, so why not go through the motions together.

Take deep breaths in through the nose and exhale through the mouth. In a few minutes, everything should be okay.

Prevent the situation when possible

If you notice someone showing signs of a heart attack before they have it, you’ll know what to do before it gets serious. If a friend or family member is complaining about all the telltale signs, that may be a sign for you to jump into action and call an ambulance.

Rather than sorting the situation out, preventing an issue from ever happening in the first place is a better approach.

The same applies to injuries. Because injuries are a lot harder to predict and prevent, it’s best to remain cautious. If your kids are playing near water, thorn bushes, or road, have them relocate to a safer, grassy area.

You never know when they could fall or get hurt. Therefore, it would be a better idea to act before something happens.

Preventing an illness is much more complicated than avoiding an accident-related injury. However, staying alert and observant can go a long way in ensuring that nothing goes wrong.


There we have it, some of the best ways to prepare yourself for home emergencies. The key to prevention is vigilance. Moreover, to avoid the bystander effect, it would be best to gain primary education in this domain to help people when the need arises.

With that said, we hope that this article has been helpful and you took something positive away from it. We wish you never have to go through a period where life and death hang in the balance, but if you do, these tips might help out.


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