How to Create a 3d Drawing Easy With Step by Step
3D or 3D drawing easy, which can be seen in any city on the asphalt and the walls of houses, have long been a part of modern fine art. They look very realistic, such works “break” our brain, forcing us to stand for hours in front of unusual masterpieces, you can admire them for a very long time. It turns out that drawing such things is not difficult at all. To learn how to create images of volumetric figures on a flat surface, knowledge from the school curriculum on visual geometry and drawing will come in handy.
Perspective is the basis for drawing 3D drawings
The first thing a beginner needs to understand is that the basis of drawing 3D drawings, whether they are on the asphalt, on paper, on the walls of the city, is “perspective”, as well as the ability to correctly convey shadows and light.
Before drawing a 3d drawing, you should make the first sketches (we advise you to start with the most basic things: an eraser, a matchbox, a lighter, a tennis ball). To begin with, imagine the angle from which you will look at the future drawing. The next step is to determine the source of light that will fall on your “real” object. The realism of the picture is achieved by the correct supply of light and shadows.
For beginners, it will be useful to use the following algorithm:
- It is necessary to decide from what point of view the viewers will ultimately see the picture and fix the paper on the table so that in the process of drawing it would be possible, if necessary, to look at the image from the desired angle. The static nature of the sheet will help to avoid errors in proportions.
- Light in the process of creating a picture must match it. If shadows fall from left to right in the image, the paper should be lit from the left side. This will make it easier to understand where the highlights will be and where the shadows will be.
- Having prepared for the workplace, you can begin. Any drawing starts with a sketch, 3D is no exception. It is necessary to consider the subject that will be depicted:
- How light and shadow fall on him,
- What are the characteristic features?
- How the outlines change when you change the angle,
- What simple shapes (cube, cone, ball) its parts look like.
- First, draw the main details of the drawing. After that, you can start shading to reflect chiaroscuro.
- It is important to break the process down into small steps. Upon completion of each, check how the drawing looks from the angle of view chosen at the beginning of the work. Erasing a dozen extra or incorrect lines is easier than looking for an error and ways to fix it after the work is finished.
For drawing, in addition to the table, hands, and inspiration, you need:
- Thick light paper and what can be used to fix it on the table – weights, pushpins, adhesive tape, a tablet with clothespins.
- Graphite pencils (hard and soft), plain and colored, markers.
- Table lamp.
Sketching a drawing
A preliminary sketch is equally important for any image, be it a comic strip or a decorative panel. The main task of the sketch is to outline the basis of the future work and determine the position of the figures.
For a sketch, it is better to use light strokes with a hard pencil (T or H) so that they can be easily erased if necessary. At this stage, you need to draw the main lines that outline the boundaries of the main elements of the picture and give them a predetermined shape. After that, you can start applying shading to transfer light and shade.
How to convey light and shadow correctly
The logical rendering of shadows is a guarantee of the realism of the image of a three-dimensional object. The closer the light source, the lighter the surface of objects and vice versa, also the darkening of individual parts of the object varies significantly depending on the shape.
For example, a left-lighted cube will have a lighter left side and a gradually darkening right side. In this case, the border of the transition from light to shadow will be similar to a flat line parallel to the left edge of the shape. If you replace the cube with a ball, the face of the shadow will take the shape of a semicircle.
- Carefully study the object before creating its three-dimensional image, to determine its features.
- Apply the hatching lines by the shape of the objects and the intended lighting.
- Apply shadows little by little, consistently. It is necessary to intensify the darkening carefully, afterwards, it is much easier to apply an additional shadow than to remove the existing one.
- There is no need to make clear borders in dark places, it is better to grind them with a special feathering or just a piece of paper to a single smooth shade.
The eraser can further lighten the elements.
Masterclasses for beginners
Knowing the theory, you can try to create your own 3D drawings on paper. For beginners, the best practice is to repeat someone else’s work. Masterclasses will help you understand the logic of constructing volumetric images.
STEP 1: DRAW THE OUTLINE We
Outline our hand and part of the wrist with a simple pencil. We do this so that the lines are barely visible.
STEP 2: DRAW LINE
We take a marker and draw as follows: a straight line to the arm, an arc on the arm, and again a straight line.
STEP 3: SKETCHING THE STRIPES
Take the colored markers and sketch in the stripes. There should be at least 3 colors, then the drawing will look better.
STEP 4: ADD SHADOWS
You can add a slight shadow around the arm to give the drawing even more 3D dimension. Learn more about draw an eagle easy.
When looking at such a picture, it seems that the sheet is lying on top of a voluminous hand, wrapping it like a thin fabric.
To draw a voluminous hand, we used the “ruled” technique. This method is ideal for initial trials in creating 3D illusions on paper.
To depict a voluminous heart, a ruler is also useful.
- Draw a heart with a pencil using a regular pencil.
- Line up the entire sheet, excluding the outlines of the central image.
- Curve the lines around the picture, creating the illusion of “indentation”.
- Bring brighter lines, if you wish, you can color the “lines”.
- Apply shadows, emphasizing the volume of the heart and the depression in which it lies.
If everything is done correctly, the picture will be perceived as if a voluminous heart lies on a soft striped pillow.